使用 ansible 批量获取 IP MAC OOB 地址对应关系

WHY

最近又遇到需要批量获取服务器的 IP、MAC 及 OOB 地址的对应关系

想想还是写个 ansible playbook 来干这事吧

HOW

local facts

gather_facts 有 2 个 local facts 能收集 IP 及 MAC 信息:

  • ansible_eth0
  • ansible_default_ipv4

https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/latest/user_guide/playbooks_variables.html#local-facts-facts-d

playbook

eth0-mac-and-oob.yml


---
- hosts: all
  gather_facts: yes
  remote_user: root
  tasks:

    - name: IPMI channel
      raw: dmidecode -s system-manufacturer|egrep -iwq 'H3C|Huashan' && echo 8 || echo 1
      register: ipmi_channel

    - name: OOB_IP
      raw: ipmitool lan print {{ ipmi_channel.stdout.strip() }}|awk '/^IP Address[[:space:]]+:/{print $NF}'
      register: oob_ip

    - name: ansible_default_ipv4
      debug: msg="{{ ansible_host }} {{ hostvars[inventory_hostname].ansible_default_ipv4.address }} {{ hostvars[inventory_hostname].ansible_default_ipv4.macaddress }}"

    - name: ansible_eth0.ipv4
      debug: msg="{{ ansible_host }} {{ hostvars[inventory_hostname].ansible_eth0.ipv4.address }} {{ hostvars[inventory_hostname].ansible_eth0.macaddress }} {{ oob_ip.stdout.strip() }}"

ansible_eth0

# ansible -i 10.160.155.15, all -m setup -a 'filter=ansible_eth0'

10.160.155.15 | SUCCESS => {
    "ansible_facts": {
        "ansible_eth0": {
            "active": true,
            "device": "eth0",
            ... ...
            "ipv4": {
                "address": "10.160.155.15",
                "broadcast": "10.160.155.255",
                "netmask": "255.255.255.0",
                "network": "10.160.155.0"
            },
            "macaddress": "72:85:c4:10:ff:9c",
            "module": "ixgbe",
            "mtu": 1500,
            "pciid": "0000:5f:00.0",
            "phc_index": 0,
            "promisc": false,
            "speed": 10000,
            ... ...
            "type": "ether"
        }
    },
    "changed": false
}

ansible_default_ipv4

# ansible -i 10.160.155.15, all -m setup -a 'filter=ansible_default_ipv4'

10.160.155.15 | SUCCESS => {
    "ansible_facts": {
        "ansible_default_ipv4": {
            "address": "10.160.155.15",
            "alias": "eth0",
            "broadcast": "10.160.155.255",
            "gateway": "10.160.155.254",
            "interface": "eth0",
            "macaddress": "72:85:c4:10:ff:9c",
            "mtu": 1500,
            "netmask": "255.255.255.0",
            "network": "10.160.155.0",
            "type": "ether"
        }
    },
    "changed": false
}

which

local factsproblem
ansible_eth0不是所有的机器 IP 地址配置在 eth0 网卡,可能是 eth1eth2 。。。
ansible_default_ipv4不是所有机器都只有一个 IPv4 地址,可能还有 Secondary IP

所有才有 “下策”

raw shell command

playbook


---
- hosts: all
  gather_facts: no
  remote_user: root
  tasks:

    - name: IPMI channel
      raw: dmidecode -s system-manufacturer|egrep -iwq 'H3C|Huashan' && echo 8 || echo 1
      register: ipmi_channel

    - name: OOB_IP
      raw: ipmitool lan print {{ ipmi_channel.stdout.strip() }}|awk '/^IP Address[[:space:]]+:/{print $NF}'
      register: oob_ip
      # when: manufacturer.stdout.strip() | regex_search('(H3C|Huashan)')

    - name: MAC
      raw: cat "/sys/class/net/$(ip -o a|awk '/\<{{ ansible_host }}\>/{print $2}')/address"
      register: mac

    - name: IP MAC OOB_IP
      debug: msg="{{ ansible_host }} {{ mac.stdout.strip() }} {{ oob_ip.stdout.strip() }}"

上面的 playbook 的 task 用的是一陀 shell raw 命令,如果使用 shell 脚本来解析配置能更灵活粗暴。 那样的话需要维护 playbook 外加 script 这样偷懒一下,虽然牺牲了 shel 脚本简单的逻辑,但也解决了 gather_facts 局限性,而且 速度快

result

# ansible-playbook -i ip-list ~/ip-mac-oob.yml

PLAY [all] ****************************************************************

TASK [IPMI channel] *******************************************************
changed: [10.160.155.15]
changed: [10.160.155.16]

TASK [OOB_IP] *************************************************************
changed: [10.160.155.16]
changed: [10.160.155.15]

TASK [MAC] ****************************************************************
changed: [10.160.155.15]
changed: [10.160.155.16]

TASK [IP MAC OOB_IP] ******************************************************
ok: [10.160.155.15] => {
    "msg": "10.160.155.15 72:85:c4:10:ff:9c 10.150.18.125"
}
ok: [10.160.155.16] => {
    "msg": "10.160.155.16 72:85:c4:10:ff:84 10.150.18.126"
}

PLAY RECAP ****************************************************************
10.160.155.15              : ok=4    changed=3    unreachable=0    failed=0
10.160.155.16              : ok=4    changed=3    unreachable=0    failed=0

reference

https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/2.5/user_guide/playbooks_filters.html#regular-expression-filters

Run an Ansible task only when the variable contains a specific string

Getting MAC address from Ansible facts in role

Ansible で物理 NIC のリストを取得する方法 2015-07-29


本文标题使用 ansible 批量获取 IP MAC OOB 地址对应关系
原始链接https://lvii.github.io/code/2018-10-31-ansible-playbook-get-ip-mac-and-oob-address/

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