手动自定义排列 Django Admin 主页 APP 列表顺序

WHY

Django Admin 主页 APP 列表默认是按照 字母顺序 进行排列的,想根据 APP 使用来排序。

https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/intro/tutorial07/

By default, it displays all the apps in INSTALLED_APPS that have been registered with the admin application, in alphabetical order.

https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/_modules/django/contrib/admin/sites/

def get_app_list(self, request):
    """
    Return a sorted list of all the installed apps that have been
    registered in this site.
    """
    app_dict = self._build_app_dict(request)

    # Sort the apps alphabetically.
    app_list = sorted(app_dict.values(), key=lambda x: x['name'].lower())

    # Sort the models alphabetically within each app.
    for app in app_list:
        app['models'].sort(key=lambda x: x['name'])

    return app_list

网上有多种实现方案:

  • 每个 APP model 里为 Meta 类下的 verbose_name_plural 字段添加 数字前缀 1
  • 重写 admin/base.html 模板页面 2
  • 重写 AdminSite 类的 index() 方法 3
  • 重新 AdminSite 类的 get_app_list() 方法 4

本文使用第三种:重写 AdminSite 类的 index() 方法

HOW

Django 源码 Admin 主页渲染的 app_list 列表是由 get_app_list() 方法按 字母排序 后返回的结果

所以只需要对 app_list 进行排序即可

https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/_modules/django/contrib/admin/sites/

def index(self, request, extra_context=None):
    """
    Display the main admin index page, which lists all of the installed
    apps that have been registered in this site.
    """
    app_list = self.get_app_list(request)

    context = {
        **self.each_context(request),
        'title': self.index_title,
        'app_list': app_list,
        **(extra_context or {}),
    }

    request.current_app = self.name

    return TemplateResponse(request, self.index_template or 'admin/index.html', context)

首先参考官方文档覆盖 Django Admin 的 AdminSite 类:

https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/ref/contrib/admin/#overriding-the-default-admin-site

项目名称 zerone

zerone/ 子目录下创建 zerone/admin.py 文件,重写 AdminSiteindex() 方法:

from django.contrib import admin

class MyAdminSite(admin.AdminSite):

    def index(self, request, extra_context=None):
        if extra_context is None:
            extra_context = {}

        app_list = self.get_app_list(request)
        app_dict = self._build_app_dict(request)

        # dict_keys(['equipment', 'liveos', 'clone', 'oauth2_provider', 'auth'])
        print(app_list, app_dict.keys())

        extra_context['app_list'] = app_list
        return super(MyAdminSite, self).index(request, extra_context)

创建 zerone/apps.py 文件,自定义 AdminConfig 配置名称:

from django.contrib.admin.apps import AdminConfig

class MyAdminConfig(AdminConfig):
    default_site = 'zerone.admin.MyAdminSite'

使用刚在 zerone/apps.py 自定义的 APP 配置名称,替换默认的 django.contrib.admin

修改 zerone/settings.py

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    ...
    'zerone.apps.MyAdminConfig',  # replaces 'django.contrib.admin'
    ...
]

重写 AdminSiteindex() 方法之前,先查看一下默认 app_dict 包含的 所有 APP 名称:

app_list = self.get_app_list(request)
app_dict = self._build_app_dict(request)
print(app_list, app_dict.keys())

# dict_keys(['equipment', 'liveos', 'clone', 'oauth2_provider', 'auth'])

默认 get_app_list() 按照字母排序的 APP 顺序是:

'auth',
'oauth2_provider',
'clone',
'equipment',
'liveos'

然后根据上面显示的 所有 APP 名称,自定义 APP 的排序列表:

apps_order_list = ['equipment', 'liveos', 'clone', 'oauth2_provider', 'auth']

然后就是根据自定义的 apps_order_list 对默认的 app_list 进行排序:

from django.contrib import admin

apps_order_list = ['equipment', 'liveos', 'clone', 'oauth2_provider', 'auth']
apps_order_dict = { app: index for index, app in enumerate(apps_order_list) }

class MyAdminSite(admin.AdminSite):

    def index(self, request, extra_context=None):
        if extra_context is None:
            extra_context = {}

        app_list = self.get_app_list(request)
        app_dict = self._build_app_dict(request)

        # dict_keys(['equipment', 'liveos', 'clone', 'oauth2_provider', 'auth'])
        print(app_dict.keys())

        # https://stackoverflow.com/questions/15650348/sorting-a-list-of-dictionaries-based-on-the-order-of-values-of-another-list
        # https://docs.python.org/3/howto/sorting.html
        app_list.sort(key=lambda element_dict: apps_order_dict[element_dict["app_label"]])

        # print(app_list)

        extra_context['app_list'] = app_list
        return super(MyAdminSite, self).index(request, extra_context)

DONE

reference

https://docs.python.org/3/howto/sorting.html

You can also use the list.sort() method. It modifies the list in-place ( and returns None to avoid confusion ). Usually it’s less convenient than sorted() - but if you don’t need the original list, it’s slightly more efficient.

Sorting a list of dictionaries based on the order of values of another list

Defining a custom app_list in django admin index page

Reorder model objects in django admin panel

Ordering admin.ModelAdmin objects in Django Admin

How to set ordering of Apps and models in Django admin dashboard.


本文标题手动自定义排列 Django Admin 主页 APP 列表顺序
原始链接https://lvii.github.io/code/2018-11-21-sort-django-admin-index-dashboard-app-list-by-an-ordered-list/

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